Career Planning

Why you need a Career Planning?

True Story: Siti has been working in her current position for 7 years. Her job was comfortable, she have a great boss and her colleagues were her friends. Life was good until countdown 6.00PM became a daily routines and she always waiting for Friday.

Siti realise she wanted more excitement and challenges. Surely she is been with the company long enough to deserve a promotion or job reassignment? Unfortunately, her company was not responsible for her career satisfaction.

You have to be proactive, take charge and change the way you think about your career. When you take control, you will realise that the only way you can achieve what you want is to create a career planning.

Career Planning Steps

Whether you are finding for your first job or wanting to change the current career, there are a number of things you can do that can help you make the best decision. The first step in Career planning is to Knowing yourself, which include your personal values, interests and skills. Next is to Finding Ideas about the job you really like and if it is the right job for you.

Once you had done the research, it is time to take a look at your options and Make decision. Get some advice from a professional or someone you trusted to check if you are doing the right things. Finally, use all the information you had gathered to Take action.

Our guides below can help you to choose or changing a career.

STEP 1: Knowing Yourself

Not sure what you want to do? Your First step is actually to understand who you are and what you want for your work and your life. Here are some key questions that you can ask yourself which can help you decide on your next move.

Whether you are currently working or still studying, you need to approach any career movement at the same time. Your first step is to understand who you are and what you want for your work and your life.

Consider your ValuesInterests and Skills.

You should also ask yourself:

  • What do you like to do?
  • What do you do well?
  • What are you proud of?
  • What skills do you have?
  • What work experience do you have?
  • What makes work meaningful for you?
  • What motivates you at work?
  • What are your expectations from working?
  • What type of lifestyle do you want?
  • What level of education do you have or would you be willing to get?
  • What kind of training do you have or would you be willing to get?

Your values are your standards or ideals. Finding a career that fits with your values can help you feel more satisfied in your work and narrow down your career options.

Which of the following values motivate you? What other values are important to you?

  • Experience
  • Money
  • Society
  • Competition
  • Independence
  • Prestige
  • Security
  • Creativity
  • Others: __________

Your interests are the activities that you like. If you are able to find an environment that suits one of your interests, you are likely to be happier in what you do. Which of the following interests do you enjoy? Add other interests to the list as well:

  • Problem solving
  • Work with facts and figures
  • Helping people
  • Building or fixing things
  • Selling things
  • Other _________

Working out on your skills, then matching them to different jobs. It might open a new career options which you may never have thought of.

Think of broad areas of your skills, and what level of skill you have in each area. Then try to think of examples on how you have used those skills at work, or in some other area of your life.

Where can I go for help?

Once you have explored your own ideas about yourself and also narrowed down some career options, it is good to talk about your thoughts with others. Bouncing your ideas with someone else can help things become clearer to you.

Other people may also have some insights into your character or situation that you had not considered. Talk to people who know you well and who you can trust. Ask them what they think are your strengths and skills. These may include family, friends, team leaders, teachers and etc.

STEP 2: Finding Ideas

Research can help you explore more career options, find suitable study or training course, applying a particular job, or finding suitable employer that is right for you.

Unsure about your career options? Need some inspiration? Find out how to come up with some job possibilities that you can explore further.

Explore career ideas using our Career information and Job board

You can get career ideas by exploring our Career information and Job board.

Exploring industry information can introduce you to job options that you did not know existed.

  • Find inspiration in success stories
  • Look for opportunities around you

You can also get career ideas just by tuning yourself in to job ideas that may be all around you.

Sometimes other people such as family, friends, employer and teacher may be able to see you more clearly than you can see yourself. Maybe you do not recognize the skills or talents that you have, or maybe they can more clearly see your strengths. Asking others for help can open up some new career ideas for you.

Create a job list

After working through the know yourself activities, and doing some research, you should now have a list of job ideas that interest you.

The next step is to take another look at your shortlist based on what you have learned about your work values, skills, interests, your commitments and current situation. You may be able to cross some possibilities off the list

Once you have some ideas about jobs that you might like to do, you may need to find out more about them, so that you can make a correct choice about what career you want to pursue.

Where to go to find out more about the study and training options available to you.

There are a variety of different working arrangements. Find out about the different ways of working and how flexible working arrangements make it easier for you to find the right fit between your career and your lifestyle.

Where do I want to be?

Where do you see yourself in 5 years and 10 years time? What do you want to be doing, and what do you want to be like as a person? Knowing this can affect your choices, for example:

Do you want a job that earns you a lot of money?
Do you want a job that will allow you a certain amount of free time, so you can continue to take part in other activities?
Do you like being in charge, giving advice, or having people come to you for help?
Thinking about the type of thing that you want to be doing will help you with your career ideas and how you will get there.

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STEP 3: Making Decisions

At this stage in the Career Planning process, you probably have a sense of your Values, Interests and Skills, and you have identified some career options you are interested in.

The next step in the Career Planning process is getting ready to Make Decisions and pursue your career option.

Create a table to compare your options. Set your Values, Interests and skill for each job option


For many career options you’ll need to meet specific learning requirements or levels of experience. These could be formal learning situations, such as diploma, degree or apprenticeship programs, or informal arrangements, such as mentor-ship or on-the-job training.

In the career planning process, getting ready to make your career move can sometimes bring you face to face with difficult decisions and hard realities. If you’re feeling confused or overwhelmed at this point, you may want to seek some career planning advice from your teacher, parents and etc

STEP 4: Take Action

Now that you have decided what your next career move is going to be, it is time to figure out how to make that move successfully. The following strategies can help you develop an effective Action plan.

Make specific goal such as “entering a Computer program by next month or next two months and search for working in the IT field.” Define exactly what you want to do and when.

One of the best ways to move forward is to plan backwards. Can you accomplish your goal today? If not, why not? What do you have to do first? Is there something you have to do before that? Keep thinking backwards in this way until you arrive at tasks you could do today

Look over the list of things you will have to do to reach your goal. Can you think of any challenges that you might face trying to achieve it? For example, do you have financial concerns or family responsibilities that demand your time and energy?

By this stage, you probably have several lists of things to do and a plan for managing potential challenges. Now you need to bring them all together into one overall plan. List tasks in the order in which you must complete them and set deadlines for each task.

You can repeat any Step in your Career planning.


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We wish you Good Luck in your Career!